PlayStation 1 was released on December 3, 1994 in Japan, 3rd September, 1995 in the U.S. and September 29, 1995 in Europe. It all started with a broken contract with Nintendo at the end of the decade of 1980. Nintendo agreed with Sony, in the late 1980s, to develop for its successful Super Nintendo an appendix to incorporate games on CD, in addition to the traditional cartridge. The video game giant, however, broke with the Japanese technology, then neophyte in The industry because it felt that it was too much in the control and benefits derived from the sale of CD games.
Ken Kutaragi, who at that time was a Sony computer He moved, along with his research, from one lab to another, until Teruo Tokunaka took him to see then-president Norio Ohga to expose his idea.
Sony's dome, reluctant from the outset to enter the video game market, was intended to end the adventure here. However, Kutaragi's obstinacy caused the company to move forward. The company derived the project, with Kutaragi to the head, to Sony Music not to be responsible for the unpredictable consequences of the bet. The collaboration, in the end, was essential for the production of CDs. Until 1993, the company would not have a section of video games, Sony Computer Entertaiment.
Sony launched the PlayStation in Japan on December 3, 1994. Success was immediate. The key was in the facilities offered by the company to the video game developers, enthusiastic about the great technical possibilities, the three dimensions and the CD. The developers took too many economic risks creating cartridges for Sega or Nintendo; Sony, on the other hand, offered all the facilities to be able to count on a varied catalogue of games. Then the big ones in the sector joined in. Titles such as Gran Turismo, Metal Gear or Final Fantasy are fundamental history of video games.
The jump to Europe and the United States was just as successful. Sony opted to lower the price of their console below cost. The launch in America was 299 dollars, well below the 399 of its main competitor, the Sega Saturn, swept completely. Contrary to the industry trend, Sony intended to derive benefits from software, not just hardware. And he did: the profits of Sony Computer Entertaiment came to assume 90% of the company.
The first version of the PlayStation exceeded the 100 million consoles sold nine years after its launch.